AN EXAMINATION OF IRRATIONAL RELATIONSHIP BELIEFS AND PERFECTIONISM AS THE PREDICTORS OF COPING WITH ROMANTIC JEALOUSY
This study aims to examine whether constructive and destructive coping as styles of coping with romantic jealousy are significantly predicted by irrational relationship beliefs, perfectionism toward self and partner as dimensions of perfectionism in romantic relationships, and gender. The study sample consists of 286 university students. The study data were obtained by using the “Irrational Beliefs Scale”, “Romantic Relationship Perfectionism Scale” (RRPS), and “Jealousy Coping Ways”, which is a subscale of the “Romantic Jealousy Questionnaire (RJQ)”. Multiple Linear Regression Analysis was used for data analysis. As a result of the study, it was found that perfectionism towards oneself significantly predicted constructive and destructive coping styles with jealousy. Irrational beliefs and gender were found to significantly predict destructive coping with jealousy. It was found that perfectionism towards other (partner)-oriented did not significantly predict constructive and destructive coping style with jealousy. In addition, it was found that irrational beliefs and gender did not significantly predict constructive coping with jealousy.
Keywords: Romantic relationship, jealousy, irrational beliefs, perfectionism, coping.
Adams, S. (2012). Jealousy in romantic relationships, self-esteem and ego defenses. School of Social Sciences and Psychology Faculty of Arts, Education and Human Development Victoria University.
Akdur, S., & Aslan, B. (2017). Mediating role of difficulty in emotion regulation and romantic jealousy between emotional intelligence and relationship satisfaction. Journal of Nesne Psychology (NPD), 5(9), 71-88. DOI: 10.7816/nesne‑05-09-04
Allison, P. D. (1999). Multiple regression: A primer. Pine Forge Press.
Antony, M., & Swinson, R.P. (2000). Mükemmeliyetçilik dost sandığımız düşman [Perfectionism is the enemy we take as friends] (Trans., A. Açıkgöz). İstanbul: Kuraldışı Publishing.
Arslan, S. (2015). Adult attachment, stage of threat, and romantic jealousy in relation to psychopathological symptoms: importance of personal characteristics and quality of relationship. (Unpublished graduate dissertation). Middle East Technical University, Ankara.
Attridge, M. (2013). Jealousy and relationship closeness exploring the good (reactive) and bad (suspicious) sides of romantic jealousy. SAGE open, 3(1), 1-16.
Batinic, B., Duisin, D., & Barisic, J. (2013). Obsessive versus delusional jealousy. Psychiatria Danubina, 25(3), 334-339.
Beck, A., T. (1993). Coognitive therapy: Past, present and future. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 61(2), 194-198.
Bernard, M. E. (1995). It's prime time for rational, emotive behavior therapy: Current theory and practice, research recommendations and predictions. Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy. 13(1), 9-27.
Bevan, J. L. (2006). Testing and refining a consequence model of jealousy across relational contexts and jealousy expression messages. Communication Reports, 19, 31-44.
Bilge, F., & Arslan, A. (2001). Examining the irrational thoughts of adults according to some variables. Turkish Psychological Counseling and Guidance Journal. 2(16), 23-31.
Boeree, C. G. (2006). Personality theoires. Psychology Department, Shippensburg University.
Bryson, J. B. (1991). Modes of responses to jealousy-evoking situations. in P. Salovey (Ed.). The psychology of jealousy and envy (pp. 1-45). New York: Guilford.
Burger, J. M. (2016). Kişilik [Personality] (İ.D. Erguvan Sarıoğlu). İstanbul: Kaknüs Publishing.
Burns, D. D. (1980). The perfectionist‟s script for self-defeat. Psychology Today. 14(6), 34-52.
Buunk, B. P. (1997). Personality, birth order and attachment styles as related to various types of jealousy. Personality and Individual Differences, 23, 997–1006.
Buunk, B. P., & Bringle, R. G. (1987). Jealousy in love relationships. In Perlman, D., Duck, S. W. (Eds.), Intimate relationships: Development, dynamics, and deterioration (pp. 123-147). Newbury Park, CA: SAGE.
Buunk, B. P., & Dijkstra, P. (2000). Extradyadic relationships and jealousy. in H. Clyde and H. Susan (Eds.). Close relationships: A sourcebook. London: Sage Publications.
Cam, Z., Seydooğulları, S., & Artar, M. (2014). Psychometric properties of the Magical Ideation Scale in high school adolescents. The Journal of Psychiatry and Neurological Sciences. 27, 34-42.
Carson C. L., & Cupach, W. R. (2000). Feeling the flames of the greeneyed monster: The role of ruminative though in reaction to perceived relationship threat. West J Speech Communication, 64, 308-329.
Clanton, G. (1996). A sociology of jealousy. International Journal of Sociology and Social Police, 16, 171-189. http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/eb013274
Costa, A. L., Sophia, E. C., Sanches, C., Tavares, H., & Zilberman, M. L. (2015). Pathological jealousy: Romantic relationship characteristics, emotional and personality aspects, and social adjustment. Journal of Affective Disorders. 174, 8-44.
Craney, T. A., & Surles, J. G. (2002). Model-dependent variance inflation factor cutoff values. Quality Engineering, 14(3), 391-403.
Çivitci, A. (2009). Relationship between irrational beliefs and life satisfaction in early adolescents. Eurasian Journal of Educational Research. 37, 91-109.
Çokluk, Ö., Şekercioğlu, G., & Büyüköztürk, Ş. (2016). Multivariate statistics for social sciences: SPSS and LISREL applications. Ankara: Pegem Publishing.
DeWeerth, C., & Kalma, A. P. (1993). Female aggression as a response to sexual jealousy: A sex role reversal. Aggressive Behavior. 19, 265-279.
Demirtaş, H. A. (2004). Jealousy in close relationships: Individual, relational and situational variables. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Ankara University. Institute of Social Sciences. Ankara.
Demirtas-Madran, H. (2011). Understanding coping with romantic jealousy: Major theoretical approaches. R. Trnka, K. Balcar & M. Kuska (Eds.), in Re-constructing emotional spaces: From experience to regulation. 153-167. Prague: Prague College of Psychosocial Studies Press.
Demirtaş, H. A., & Dönmez, A. (2006). Jealousy in close relationships: Individual, relational and situational variables. Turkish Journal of Psychiatry,17(3), 181-191.
Deutsch, C. (2006). Relative mate value, irrational beliefs, and romantic jealousy. Unpublished master's thesis. Lakehead University, Ontario.
Dodge, A. R. (1991). Gender, relationship power, and coping with romantic jealousy. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Texas Tech University, Texas.
Dunkley, D. M., & Blankstein, K. R. (2000). Self-critical perfectionism, coping, hassles, and current distress: A structural equation modeling approach. Cognitive Therapy and Research. 24, 713-730.
Dunkley, D. M., Berg, J-L., & Zuroff, D.C. (2012). The role of perfectionism in daily self-esteem, attachment, and negative affect. Journal of Personality, 80(3), 633-663. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.2011.00741.x
Easton, J. A., & Todd, K. S. (2009). Morbid jealousy and sex differences in partner-directed violence. Human Nature, 20(3), 342-350.
Fischer, A. H. & Manstead, A. S. R. (2008). Social Functions of Emotion. M. Lewıs, J. M. Haviland-Jones and L. F. Barrett (Eds.). Handbook of emotions. Guilford Press.
Flett, G. L., Russo, F. A., & Hewitt, P. L. (1994). Dimensions of perfectionism and constructive thinking as a coping response. Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy. 12(3), 163-179.
Green, J. D., Campbell, W. K. & Davis, J. L. (2007). Ghosts from the past: An examination of romantic relationships and self-discrepancy. The Journal of Social Psychology, 147, 243-264.
Guerrero, L. K. (1994). I'm so mad I could scream: The effects of anger expression on relational satisfaction and communication competence. Southern Communication Journal, 59, 125-141.
Guerrero, L. K. (1998). Attachment-style differences in the experience and expression of romantic jealousy. Personal Relationships, 5(3), 273- 291.
Guerrero, L. K., Eloy, S. V., Jorgensen, P. F., & Andersen, P. (1993). Hers or his? Sex differences in the experience and communication of jealousy in close relationships. In P. J. Kalbfleish (Ed.). Interpersonal communication: Evolving interpersonal relationships (pp. 109- 132). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Guerrero, L. K., & Afifi, W. A. (1998). Communicative responses to jealousy as a function of self-esteem and relationship maintenance goals: A test of Bryson's dual motivation model. Communication Reports. 11, 111-122.
Guerrero, L. K., Spitzberg, B. H., & Yoshimura, S. M. (2004). Sexual and emotional jealousy. in J. H. Harvey, A. Wenzel, & S. Sprecher (Eds.). The handbook of sexuality in close relationships (pp. 311-345). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Harris, C. R., & Darby, R. S. (2010). Jealousy in adulthood. In Hart, S. L., Legerstee, M. (Eds.), Handbook of jealousy: Theory, research, and multidisciplinary approaches (pp. 547-571). New York, NY: Wiley-Blackwell.
Heppner, P. P., Reeder, B. L., & Larson, L. M. (1983). Cognitive variables associated with personel problem-solving appraisal: implications for counseling, Journal of Counseling Psychology. 30(4), 537-545.
Hewitt P. L., & Flett G. L. (1991). Dimensions of perfectionism in unipolar depression. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 100(1), 98-101.
Hill, Robert W., Zrull, M.C., & Turlington, S. (1997). Perfectionism and interpersonal problems. Journal of Personality Assessment, 69(1), 81-103.
Hoşoğlu, R. (2017). The relationship of university students' coping styles with jealousy in their romantic relationships with various variables. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Ankara University, Institute of Education Sciences. Ankara.
Hoşoğlu, R. & Sevim, S. (2019). Examining the ways in which university students cope with jealousy in their romantic relationships in terms of various variables. Turkish Psychological Counseling and Guidance Journal, 9(52), 149-179.
Kalaycı, Ş. (2010). SPSS Applied multivariate statistical techniques. Ankara: Asil Publishing.
Kingham, M. & Harvey, G. (2004). Aspects of morbid jealousy. Advances in Psychiatric Treatment, 10(3), 207-15.
Lazarus, R. S. (2006). Stress and emotion: A new synthesis. New York: Springer Publishing Company.
Matte, M. & Lafontaine, M. F. (2012). Assessment of romantic perfectionism psychometric properties of the romantic relationship perfectionism scale. Measurement and Evaluation in Counseling and Development. 45(2), 113-132. doi: 10.1177/0748175611429303
Metis, S. & Cupach, W. R. (1990). The influence of relationship beliefs and problem‐solving responses on satisfaction in romantic relationships. Human Communication Research, 17(1), 170-185.
Larson, J. H. (1992). You’re my one and only: Premarital counseling for unrealistic beliefs about mate selection. The American Journal of Family Therapy, 20, 242-253.
Leahy, R. L. & Tirch, D. D. (2008). Cognitive behavioral therapy for jealousy. International Journal of Cognitive Therapy. 1(1), 18–32.
Lopez, F. G., Fons-Scheyd, A., Morúa, W., & Chaliman, R. (2006). Dyadic perfectionism as a predictor of relationship continuity and distress among college students. Journal of Counseling Psychology. 53(4), 543-549. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-0220.127.116.113
Mackinnon, S. P., Sherry, S. B., Antony, M. M., Stewart, S. H., Sherry, D. L., & Hartling, N. (2012). Caught in a bad romance: Perfectionism, conflict, and depression in romantic relationships. Journal of Family Psychology. 26(2), 215-225. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0027402
Metts, S., & Cupach, W. R. (1990). The influence of relationship beliefs and problem‐solving responses on satisfaction in romantic relationships. Human Communication Research, 17(1), 170-185.
Utkan, H. B. (2016). Examination of the relationship between romantic jealousy and romantic relationship beliefs in university students. (Unpublished master dissertation). Çukurova University Institute of Social Sciences. Adana.
Paul, E. L., Foss, M. A., & Galloway, J. (1993). Sexual jealousy in young women and men: Aggressive responsiveness to partner and rival. Aggressive Behavior, 19, 401-420.
Petersen, M. (2017). The impact of perfectionism in couple conflict and relationship satisfaction: An exploration of the mediating influence of perfectionism in Gottman's conflict model. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Azusa Pacific University.
Rusbult, C. E. (1987). Responses to dissatisfaction in close relationships: The exitvoice- loyalty-neglect model. D. Perlman & S. W. Duck (der.) Intimate relationships: Development, dynamics, and deterioriation. p. 209-237. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.
Salovey, P., & Rodin, J. (1985). The heart of jealousy. Psychology Today, 19, 22-25, 28-29.
Salovey, P., & Rodin, J. (1989). Envy and jealousy in close relationships. In Hendrick, C. (Ed.), Close relationships (pp. 221-246). Newbury Park, CA: SAGE.
Sagarin, B. J., Martin, A. L., Coutinho, S. A., Edlund, J. E., Patel, L., Skowronski, J. J., & Zengel, B. (2012). Sex differences in jealousy: A meta-analytic examination. Evolution and Human Behavior, 33(6), 595-614.
Schulman, P. (1999). Applying learned optimism to increase sales productivity. Journal of Personal Selling & Sales Management, 19(1), 31-37.
Schultz, D. P., & Schultz, S. E. (2017). Theories of personality (11th Ed.). Cengage Learning.
Stackert, R. A., & Bursik, K. (2003). Why am I unsatisfied? Adult attachment style, gendered irrational relationship beliefs, and young adult romantic relationship satisfaction. Personality and Individual Differences, 34(8), 1419-1429.
Şensoy, G., Asıcı, E., & İkiz, F. E. (2019). Prediction of relationship satisfaction through perfectionism and trust. Pamukkale University Journal of the Faculty of Education, 46, 230-249.
Tabachnick, B. G., & Fidell, L. S. (2015). Use of multivariate statistics. (Ed. Mustafa Baloğlu). Ankara: Nobel Publishing.
Warber, K. M. (2007). The impact of sex and gender in the relationships among attachment, romantic jealousy, and varying forms of aggression in adult romantic relationships (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). The University of Arizona, Arizona.
White, G. L. (1981). A model of romantic jealousy. Motivation and Emotion, 5, 295-301. doi:10.1007/BF00992549
White, G. L., & Mullen, P. E. (1989). Jealousy: Theory, research, and clinical strategies. New York, NY: Guilford.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Turkish International Journal of Special Education and Guidance & Counselling ISSN: 1300-7432
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.